The G20 (Group of 20) is an international forum that brings the most industrialised and developing countries in the world to discuss global economic affairs.
Formed in 1999, the G20 comprises nineteen countries with some of the world’s largest economies, as well as the European Union. The countries are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa (the only African country that is a member of the G20), South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. As the “premier forum for international economic cooperation” (agreed by leaders at the Pittsburgh Summit in September 2009), representing more than 80% of the global GDP, the G20 has evolved into a major platform for discussing international economic and financial stability and other pressing global issues. Its leadership is based on annual rotations among its member states, who host annual summits where decisions of mutual interest are made by consensus. The most recent summits were held in Osaka (2019), Buenos Aires (2018) and Hamburg (2017) under Japanese, Argentinian and German Presidencies respectively. The 2020 Summit will take place in Riyadh under Saudi Arabia’s presidency.
The workstreams of the G20 include: Finance, Agriculture, Development, Climate Sustainability, Energy Transitions, Health, Trade and Investment, Employment, Digital Economy, Education, Governance and amongst others. It is through these workstreams that the G20 engages with different civil society stakeholders from the member states. These engagement groups represent the research community, trade unions, the private sector, NGOs, women and the youth. Accordingly, the G20 has seven Engagement Groups that inform dialogue with policymakers namely: Business20, Civil 20, Labour20, Science20, Think20, Women20 and Youth20.
Visit the G20 Country Pages
G20 Leader Declarations
Download the G20 leader declarations from each of the presidencies dating back to 2008: