Dominique de Villepin was Prime Minister of France from 2005-2007. Prior to this he was Minister of the Interior. He is a graduate of l’Institut d’Études Politiques de Paris (Sciences-Po) and l’École Nationale d’Administration. He also holds a B.A. in Law and Literature. In 1993, he was appointed Head of the Office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Alain Juppé, before being called upon by President Jacques Chirac to become his Chief of Staff from 1995 to 2002 at the Élysée. In 2002, Dominique de Villepin was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 2003, he managed the Iraqi crisis on behalf of France and upheld the French position against war at the United Nations.