Ecosystem-based adaptation in South African coastal cities

The Umgeni River, Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. Image: Getty, Wildacad
The Umgeni River, Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. Image: Getty, Wildacad

Healthy ecosystems are critical for promoting human well-being and building long-term socio-economic resilience through a range of ecosystem services. However, the integrity of these ecosystems is threatened by climate change, which in turn will increasingly impact the many people who depend on these ecosystems, including the urban and rural poor.


  • South African coastal cities are highly vulnerable to climate impacts, which will affect not only urban economies but also the livelihoods and well-being of coastal populations.
  • Owing to the multiple benefits that Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) provides, it can be of use to coastal cities and the multi-faceted systems that exist within these cities by addressing socio-economic and development goals, while helping cities become climate resilient and adapt to climate impacts.
  • Various barriers and challenges exist in the implementation and governance of EbA in South African coastal cities, such as regulation, governance and management, institutional arrangements and partnerships, knowledge, communication and engagement, and financial mechanisms.
  • The full integration of EbA approaches into local decision-making requires long-term commitment and patience from all stakeholders.

Read the synthesis review: Ecosystem-based adaptation in South African coastal cities: Challenges and opportunities.

19 Jun 2019


File size: 1.53 MB

Research by
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 297, May 2019
Sub-Saharan Africa
South Africa
SAIIA Programme
Governance of Africa’s Resources
Ecosystem-Based Adaptation

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